THE SUN EXERTS SOLAR REPULSION FORCE (SRF). All rest bodies
of the System exert force of GRAVITATION. The Sun REPELS while
all rest bodies of the System ATTRACT the Sun. Therefore,
bodies neither escaped out of System by REPULSION nor collide
upon the Sun by GRAVITATION. Both reverse forces counterbalances
each other at ORBITS. Therefore, bodies remain in their fixed
ORBITS. Interaction of SRF x Gravitation resulted into RETRACTION
FORCE (RTF). RTF keeps all bodies in REVOLUTION and in ROTATION.
This is the Astrodynamics of the Solar System in general:
SUN – PLANET SYSTEM:
THE SUN EXERTS SRF. Planets exert Gravitation (PGF). The Sun
REPELS P1anets but Planets ATTRACT the Sun. Planets struggle
to move INWARDLY towards the Sun by PGF. Sun struggles to
move Planets AWAY OUTWARDLY by SRF. Therefore, Planets neither
flung away out of System by SRF nor collide upon the Sun by
PGF. At ORBITAL DISTANCE both reverse forces counterbalances
each other. So Planets remain in fixed ORBITS.
of SRF with PGF resulted into RTF. RTF acts on planetary bodies
in ratio proportional to the DENSITY of Planets and inversely
proportional to square-root of distance from the Sun. As REVOLUTION
is activated by SRF, so ORBITAL VELOCITY of Planets is inversely
proportional to square-root of distance from the Sun.
AXIAL ROTATION is owing to RTF. Axial Velocity is proportional
to CUBE-ROOT OF DIAMETER of planetary body.
SUN – ASTEROIDS SYSTEM:
THE SUN EXERTS SRF. Asteroids exert GRAVITATION. The Sun REPELS
Asteroids, while Asteroids ATTRACTS the Sun. Therefore, neither
Asteroids flung away out of System by SRF nor collide upon
the Sun by own force of Gravitation. At ORBITAL DISTANCES
both reverse forces counterbalances each other. Therefore,
Asteroids remain in fixed ORBIT and revolve around the Sun.
of SRF with Gravitation resulted into RTF. RTF keep Asteroids
in Revolution and in Rotation. Asteroids revolve around the
Sun at VELOCITY, which is inversely proportional to square-root
of distance from the Sun or in ratio proportional to their
There is mutual attraction between Asteroids. The Mutual Gravitational
force is counterbalanced by SRF. Therefore, Asteroids do not
collide with each other and remain at mean constant distance
from each other in their orbits. The Asteroids are of different
DENSITIES. The Distance between each Asteroid and the Sun
is inversely proportional to square of DENSITY of Asteroid.
Therefore, Asteroids of lighter densities are in distant orbits
while Asteroids of higher densities are in nearer orbits to
PLANET – SATELLITE SYSTEM:
THE SUN EXERTS SRF. Planets and their Satellites exert force
of GRAVITATION. There is mutual gravitation between Planets
and Satellites. Therefore, Satellites should fall upon their
Planets. However, Mutual Gravitational Force is counterbalanced
by SRF at orbital distances. Therefore, Satellites remain
at mean constant distance from Planets in their ORBITS and
revolve around Planets.
of SRF with Satellites’ Gravitational force resulted
into RTF. RTF keeps Satellites in REVOLUTION and in ROTATION.
PLANET – RINGLETS SYSTEM: (SATURN)
THE SUN EXERTS SRF. The Saturn and its Ringlets exert force
of Gravitation. Therefore, there is Mutual Gravitation between
the Planet and Ringlets. So, Ringlets should fall upon the
Planet. But Ringlets do not collide upon the Planet Saturn.
This is because the force of MUTUAL GRAVITATION is counterbalanced
by SRF at ORBITAL DISTANCES of RINGLETS. Therefore, Ringlets
remain in their respective ORBITS at fixed distances from
is mutual attraction between RINGLETS themselves. This Mutual
Attraction is counterbalanced by anti-gravitational SRF. Therefore,
each Ringlet remains at its own distances in orbits according
to their DENSITIES. Ringlets have their own independent ORBITS,
which follow the principles of DVdT. Ringlets of different
DENSITIES are having different ORBITS. But Ringlets of same
Density revolve in the same Orbits around the Planet.
of SRF and Gravitational intensity of Ringlets is resulted
into the birth of new force and that is Retraction force (RTF).
RTF keep Ringlets in Revolution around the Saturn and in Rotation.
of the Rings of Planet Saturn and Jupiter (and also Asteroids)
do not collide with each other by Mutual Gravitational Force
between themselves because the intensity of Mutual Gravitation
is neutralised and counterbalanced by Solar Repulsion Force
(SRF). If the Sun does not exert force of REPULSION, then,
all rest bodies of the Solar System should have combined/clubbed
with each other and up to now have turned into ONE single
massive planetary body.
SUN – COMET SYSTEM:
THE SUN EXERTS SRF. COMETS exert force of GRAVITATION. The
Sun REPELS Comets while Comets attract the Sun. Therefore,
Comets neither fall upon the Sun nor escape out of Solar System.
The Interaction of SRF with Gravitational force is resulted
into RETRACTION FORCE (RTF). RTF keeps Comets in REVOLUTION
around the Sun.
have near circular orbits but ORBITS of Comets are highly
ECCENTRIC and extremely ELLIPTICAL. WHY ? There is no explanation
in Old Astrophysics for the problem. The scientific answer
is there in STREPULSION-PHYSICS (STRP).
per STRP, RTF acts on planetary body or COMET in ratio proportional
to DENSITY and inversely proportional to square-root of DISTANCE
from the Sun. Therefore, DISTANCE of Comet from the Sun is
inversely proportional to square of DENSITY.
d = 1/D2.
So, greater the DENSITY of body, lesser the distance from
the Sun. The body of Comet is of feeble constitution. Therefore,
it expands and contracts under solar influence. By expansion,
DENSITY decreases and by contraction, DENSITY increases. According
to DVdT, as DENSITY go on increasing it moves nearer to the
Sun and as DENSITY decreases the body moves away from the
Sun. In Comets, the nuclei are only solid dense and firm mass.
As Comet starts moving towards the Sun, the loose bounded
COMA, the exterior region of Comet is separated from nucleus
by SRF. Thus, DENSITY increases and Comet rush towards the
Sun. Onward Perihelion, the next journey is started by SRF.
From Perihelion, nucleus of Comet expands by solar heat. So,
density decreases and by SRF Comet pushed away from the Sun.
So, next journey towards Aphelion started. Therefore, Comet
path is not in circular but it is like TO and FRO highly eccentric
and elliptical orbit. From Aphelion to Perihelion is INWARD
JOURNEY of Comet by rising DENSITY while Perihelion to Aphelion
is OUTWARD JOURNEY of Comet by decreasing DENSITY. But in
outward journey, gradually Comet gathers mass by observing
interplanetary particles of dust. At Aphelion, Comet has highest
mass and at Perihelion, Comet posses lowest mass.
So, the LAW:
of RTF and DVdT keep comets in Revolution around the Sun in
their abnormal orbital plane. INCREASING and FALLING DENSITIES
of Comets due to solar influence is the principal cause for
highly elliptical and eccentric orbits.
the physical constitution of Comet would be SOLID and STABLE
as Planets, Comets should have followed circular orbits as
normal planetary bodies.
APHELION OF COMETS:
Aphelion is the farthest point in orbit of Comets. Comets
are at maximum distance from the Sun at point of Aphelion.
The point of Aphelion of some Comets is up to Jupiter’s
orbit. Some Comets have the point of Aphelion around Pluto’s
orbit and some have even beyond, extended up to 10th and 11th
length of Aphelion from the Sun depends upon the reduction
of Density of Comets. LOWER THE DENSITY, GREATER THE DISTANCE
OF APHELION FROM THE SUN. When the Density of Comet reduced
up to 0.4 (Earth = 1), its Aphelion point extended
up to orbit of Jupiter. But if Density reduced up to 0.15,
then, the Aphelia extended up to the orbit of Pluto. There
are Comets whose Density reduced up to 0.1 and their point
of Aphelion extended beyond orbits of Pluto, may be reaching
up to distant Planets (Planet 10th and 11th) of the Solar
Present Solar System and its Astrodynamics prove - THE SUN
EXERTS FORCE OF REPULSION, not Gravitation.
Dr. Navinchandra K. Shah
Prof. Pankaj N. Jain