Thermonuclear Chain Reaction (TNCR) in the stellar bodies
is only possible under influence of Stellar Repulsive Force.
TNCR is not possible under Gravitational influence. Thus,
the Sun and Stars are under TNCR because they exert force
of Repulsion, while planetary bodies are free from TNCR because
these bodies exert force of Gravitation. Stellar TNCR is not
Fusion Reaction - it is RECS Reaction
1) According to the Fundamental Law of Universe (FLU). Physical
universe is constituted by two kinds of matters: STELLAR (The
Sun & Stars) and NON-STELLAR (Planetary state). Basic
difference between two matters is exertion of forces. Stellar
bodies exert force of Repulsion. Non-Stellar bodies exert
force of Gravitation. Stellar Repulsion Force (SRF) is natural,
independent and universal force as the force of Gravitation.
Suppose, the Sun and Stars started exerting Gravitational
force, then, soon the TNCR will turn neutral and Stars will
be turned into planetary body. Accordingly, suppose TNCR will
start in planetary body by exertion of Repulsion force, Planets
will be turned into Stars. However, such changes are impossible
TNCR is linked with SRF. TNCR is owing to SRF and SRF is owing
to TNCR. Thus is mutually interlinked phenomenon. Stellar
mass is converted into energy under TNCR. 50% of that liberated
energy is in form of light and heat and 50% is in form of
REPULSIVE FORCE. About half the ratio of SRF radiated in outer
space, which repels external bodies, and remain half ratio
keep TNCR in continuity. Without SRF the Nuclear Furnace of
Stars not “burns”. SRF is fuel and also result.
RACS NUCLEAR REACTION (RNR) means RETROGRADE ATOMIC CONVERSION
in STELLAR bodies (RACS). According to FLU, the stellar bodies
are not constituted by condensed gases but constituted by
heavy radioactive dense elements. In RNR, heavy atoms are
gradually loosing their mass in form of electrons, protons
and neutrons. Thus, as time passes, heavy atom is converted
into light atom and onward into helium and then in form of
hydrogen i.e., for example take a Uranium atom. Under RNR,
the Uranium atom (U) will be turned into Radium (Ra) at 4th
step, into Gold (Au) at 13th step, into Silver at 45th step,
into Iron at 66th step, into Oxygen at 84th step, into Helium
at 90th step and into Hydrogen at 91st step. This is fall
of Atomic mass. With every retrograde step, liberated mass
in the form of electrons, protons and neutrons are converted
into energy of light, heat and Repulsive waves. The force
that causes the atom to liberate its mass is Neutronic Repulsive
Force (refer Paper “Neutron exert force of Repulsion”
by P.N. Jain). Neutronic Repulsive Force (NRF) causes TNCR
by which SRF is liberated. Liberated SRF breached atomic equilibrium
of stellar mass by fusing neutrons with excessive Repulsive
force and activated Neutrons cause RACS Reaction.
RACS Reaction in the Stars remains till entire mass is converted
into energy i.e., till entire stellar mass annihilated into
energy. TNCR will remain in action.
TNCR is started from the surface of the Sun and Stars, but
not from the center as believed today. Therefore, upper region
is more hotter than inner region of the Sun and Stars. Again,
TNCR is not the result of great temperature but great temperature
is the result of TNCR. Sunspot proves inner region of the
stellar body is cooler than upper surface because TNCR starts
from the surface, not from the center.
Because all heavy radioactive elements of the Sun and Stars
in last stage is converted into Helium and Hydrogen. Therefore,
atmosphere of the Stars is filled with these gases and in
spectroscopic study of the Stars, only these gases are observed.
This does not mean that Stars are constituted by thin gaseous
elements as believed today.
According to RNR, whole Stellar Universe will be disappeared
in the form of light, heat, Repulsive waves and plasma state
nebular particles. Present concept that Stars in their last
stages turned into white Dwarf owing to consumption of nuclear
fuel and then condensed into neutron star and then into Black
hole is not reality. If this would be the reality, then 90%
of the sky would be flooded with Neutron Stars and Black holes.
While today in reality, we have not possible to detect any
single such body in the entire Universe.
A) TNCR or RNR is owing to STELLAR REPULSIVE FORCE because
the Sun and Stars exert force of Repulsion.
Stars are constituted by heavy radioactive elements as the
RNR starts from the surface of the Sun and Stars but not from
RNR continues till entire mass of the Star annihilated into
RNR is very slow and steady process, which keeps Stars luminous
and hot for billions of years.
RNR is not possible under Gravitational influence. Therefore,
Planets are free from these nuclear reactions.
CRITICS: TNCR as per present Astrophysics
based on Newton’s Law of Gravitation:
1) Today it is believed that owing to “heavy gravitational
pressure” HGP at the center of the Stars and owing to
great temperature of millions of degrees at the center, thermonuclear
reactions in the Stars started from the center.
This liberated energy moved from center towards the surface
of the Stars.
Stars are constituted by hydrogen and helium in major ratio
Stars contracts as nuclear reactions ceases and turned into
pale dense white dwarf and onward into Neutron Stars and Black
It is conversion of hydrogen into helium (fusion), under which
a fraction of mass escaped and turned into energy. This is
Newtonian concept for TNCR in Stars.
NEWTONIAN CONCEPT IS WRONG:
1) When we move from surface towards center of the planet
earth, gravitational force that is G-intensity go on reducing
and at the center it turns into nearly zero. Therefore, HGP
at center is Science fiction – not Science.
When TNCR assumed at the center, then, soon as TNCR starts,
entire mass of the star would be exploded and dispersed in
space. Then, there would be no existence of anybody to be
titled as Stars. Again, in Newtonian Concept (NC), Stars considered
as gaseous body. How thin gaseous body could survive when
TNCR started from the center? How gaseous body survives in
millions of degrees of temperature? These factors are unscientific
When hydrogen is converted into helium, nuclear chain reaction
starts? TNCR is not possible with conversion of gases from
one form to another.
Gravitational force is not the force, which could function
nuclear reaction. Of course, this force could stop such reactions
owing to its pro-center influence.
Because the radiation observed from the Stars passes from
the thick atmosphere of the Stars, in the spectrum of Stars,
we observe gaseous elements. Atmosphere is filled with gaseous
elements, naturally. This does not mean that physical constitution
of Stars is only gaseous. The earth atmosphere is “constituted”
by gaseous this does not mean that earth is nothing but condensed
As SRF is constantly “generated” by RNR and it
is the force again which keep RNR in continuity, so there
is no “End” of TNCR till whole star lost its existence.
Thus fading star concept of Astrophysics, which gives birth
to Neutron Stars and Black holes is not scientific reality.
Until the world will not accept the existence of Stellar Repulsion
Force – there will be no end of problems and confusion
and illusive concepts.