Present Science world recognized the EXPANSION of the Universe
on basis of two theories, one is DOPPLER EFFECT and another
is HUBBLE LAW, the study based on Spectroscopic observations
of light-radiation shift. The experimental base is depend
on crude example of Whistling Train: That is when we are standing
on a platform of a Railway Station and observing the Train
coming from distance. As the Train comes closer to us that
is APPROACHING, the SOUND FREQUENCY of the train whistle will
go on increasing and as the Train Pass away from us, the Sound
of whistle fades, that is FREQUENCY OF SOUND go on DECREASING.
On this assumption, it is taken that – “WHEN THE
STAR OR GALAXY MOVING AWAY FROM US, ITS FREQUENCY RETARDS,
which give up LONGER WAVE-LENGTH that is wave-length shifts
towards RED-END and WHEN STAR OR GALAXY MOVES NEARER TO US,
ITS FREQUENCY RAISES and WAVELENGTH retards. So wavelength
will be shifted towards Violet-Blue end. Summary is RED-SHIFT
PROVES THE STAR OR GALAXY MOVES AWAY FROM US and BLUE-SHIFT
PROVES the STAR or GALAXY COMING CLOSER TO US”. This
is DOPPLER PRINCIPLE. Austrian Physicist C. J. DOPPLER (1803-53)
proposed this principle. One step ahead, EDVIN HUBBLE in 1929
proposed that RECEDING VELOCITY OF STARS AND GALAXIES IS PROPORTIONAL
TO DISTANCE FROM THE EARTH. That is HIGHER THE DISTANCE OF
THE GALAXY from the EARTH, it MOVES AWAY IN GREATER VELOCITY
and Hubble shifted the Astronomy in the ages, when the EARTH
WAS THE CENTER OF THE UNIVERSE AND ALL MOTIONS OF STARS AND
GALAXIES FOLLOWS IN RELATIVE TO EARTH DISTANCE! What a great
leap backward and on basis of these great theories, EXPANDING
UNIVERSE was determined.
of Classical Science arises when all RECEDING GALAXIES exhibiting
RED SHIFT and APPROACHING GALAXIES exhibiting BLUE SHIFT.
So these Red Shift and Blues Shift are not ORIGINAL SHIFTS
but apparent VISION!. The Real Red may appear Blue and Real
Blue Shift appears Red to the Earth observer? On this base,
we are deciding the TEMPERATURE of Stars. Stars which exhibit
Blue Shift are very HOT and exhibit Red Shift are COOL. But
when these observed SHIFTS are not REAL what is judgment?
This is unsolved puzzle of Astronomy.
second problem, HOW and WHY distant GALAXIES located at millions
of light years away from the earth kept their RECEDING VELOCITY
in relative to the DISTANCE FROM EARTH? WHY the galaxies,
which are in greater distance from earth, are rushing away
in greater velocity? WHY UNIVERSAL GALAXIES and STARS SHOULD
FOLLOW OFF-CENTRE EARTH ACCELERATION ? – Considering
the Universal mass as an ocean, the Earth is only a drop of
water. How this tinny particle controls the receding velocities
of giant galaxies that too at distances of million and billions
of light years away ? So, THE RECEDING VELOCITY IS PROPORTIONAL
TO DISTANCE FROM THE EARTH – this is HUBBLE’S
LAW for the STARS and GALAXIES in assumption of EXPANDING
UNIVERSE is UNSCIENTIFIC and INAPPLICABLE so should be scrapped.
UNIVERSE IS EXPANDING but not in the fashion as stated in
DOPPLER-HUBBLE THEORIES, UNIVERSE IS EXPANDING but not by
the forces stated in NEWTON-EINSTEIN’S THEORIES. EXPANDING
UNIVERSE IS AN UNSOLVED MYSTERY IN THE PAGES OF PRESENT SCIENCE.
IS THE REALITY ?
The RED SHIFT proves TWO FACTORS: GREATER DISTANCE OR LOW
TEMPERATURE. The VIOLATE SHIFT proves TWO FACTORS: LOWER DISTANCE
OR HIGH TEMPERATURE.
ANY ONE factor has to be accepted but not both.
And, RED SHIFT does not mean the body is RUSHING AWAY from
us and VIOLATE SHIFT does not mean the body is COMING towards
us. SO, assumptions of DOPPLER-HUBBLE’S that BECAUSE
OF RED SHIFT THE BODY IS RECEDING AWAY FROM EARTH is NOT TRUE.
EFFECT may be true in case of Railway-Train’s whistle
on Railway platforms but not applicable to ASTRONOMICAL GALAXIES
and so the HUBBLE LAW.